Amortized Fee Setup
Some of the parameters for amortized fees can be predefined and saved as templates in Setup > Loan Setup > Amortized Fees. The templates can then be selected when setting up an amortized fee on a loan and the configured parameters will be filled in accordingly. The description of the fields can be found in their respective amortization type sections below.
Click next to Start Date to configure the start date that will be filled in for the amortized fee when the template is selected.
Type  Defines the method by which the date is determined.


Day Value  Forces the date to a specific day of the month.


Date  This field is not applicable and is disabled. 
Configuring Amortized Fee on a Loan
To set up an amortized fee on a loan, query the loan, then
Click Add.
Select <MANUAL> from the Template drop down list to start with a clean slate or select a predefined template to work with. The specific configuration will depend on the type of fee amortization:
If a fee is amortized via the straight line method, the amount of the fee to be amortized is divided by the total number of periods, and the periodic amortization transaction will be run for the resulting amount whenever called for by the fee amortization setup.
Examples
 A $1,000 fee, amortized monthly over 12 months: The amortization transaction will occur once a month for the amount of $83.33.
 A $1,000 fee, amortized daily over 12 months: The amortization transaction will occur daily for the amount of $2.74.
Description  Descriptive text to identify this amortized fees and distinguish it from any other amortized fees on the same loan. 
Type  Set to Straight Line  Periodic. 
Start Date  The first date on which the fee should amortize 
Balance  The Amount of the fee to Amortize 
Est. Bal. Transcode  The Establishing Transaction Code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee establishing transaction code will be available in this drop down list.
Click to configure additional parameters. Note that Effective Date is not applicable to this amortization type. 
Period  The frequency of the straight line amortization 
Divisor  The total number of times that the fee will amortize straight line. The fee amount will be divided by this value to derive the periodic amount. 
Amort. Fee Transcode  The periodic amortizing transaction code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee periodic amortizing transaction code will be available in this drop down list. 
Periodic Amount  The amount that will be amortized during each periodic amortization. 
This option is to be used when an amortized fee, such as an insurance premium, requires a separate billing (effectively increasing the payment amount). When selected, two separate billings will be generated; one for principal + interest and another for premium + interest. The establishing transaction code (e.g. Transaction Code 190) must be configured to increase the principal. 
The custom method of fee amortization is the simplest (and also the least used) method by which to amortize a fee.
You simply specify the exact dates on which portions of the fee are scheduled to be amortized then you specify the exact amount to be amortized on each of those dates.
Description  Descriptive text to identify this amortized fees and distinguish it from any other amortized fees on the same loan. 
Type  Select Straight Line  Custom. 
Balance  The Amount of the fee to Amortize 
Est. Bal. Transcode  The Establishing Transaction Code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee establishing transaction code will be available in this drop down list.
Click to configure additional parameters. Note that Effective Date is not applicable to this amortization type. 
Amort. Fee Transcode  The periodic amortizing transaction code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee periodic amortizing transaction code will be available in this drop down list. 
Start Date  The date of the first amortization and calculation. 
To schedule a date and amount to amortize a portion of the fee, click Add on the lower section of the dialog.
Period Number  Enter an identifying number for the period that you are defining. 
Period Date  Enter a date on which you want a portion of the fee to be amortized. 
Period Amount  Enter the amount that represents the portion of the fee that you want amortized. 
Effective Interest Method is used to obtain the amortized amount based on the given parameters from actual interest paid.
The equation for this amortization method is:
Amortized Amount = Actual Interest Paid – Interest Calculated from Amortized Schedule
Where Interest Calculated from Amortized Schedule is the amortization schedule of the Principal Amount (Loan Principal Bal + Starting Balance) and Effective Interest Rate.
Description  Descriptive text to identify this amortized fees and distinguish it from any other amortized fees on the same loan. 
Type  Select Effective Interest Method. Premium/Discount setting is only for classification purposes and does not affect the calculation. 
Starting Balance  The amount of the fee to amortize. 
Est. Bal. Transcode  The Establishing Transaction Code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee establishing transaction code will be available in this drop down list.
Click to configure additional parameters. Note that Effective Date is not applicable to this amortization type. 
Effective Interest Rate  The interest rate. 
Amort. Fee Transcode  The periodic amortizing transaction code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee periodic amortizing transaction code will be available in this drop down list. 
Use Loan Information  Deselect and enter the desired values to amortize on values different from the loan. 
If a fee is amortized via the Effective Interest Method  Daily Accrual, the amortization of the fee will track with the interest accruals on the loan. For example: in an amortized loan, more interest tends to be realized up front while the principal balance is higher. A fee amortized by the effective interest method would amortize in proportion to this accrual of interest.
The equations and procedures for this amortization method are as follows:
Given that
x = total interest accrued life to date on the loan
y = total interest projected to accrue over the entire life of the loan based on history so far and projecting the payment schedule forward from this point to the maturity date
then
x/y = the ratio of the fee which should be amortized up to this point in time.
if
f = the amount of the fee to be amortized
then
f* (x/y) = the dollar amount of the fee that should be amortized up to this point in time.
if
a = the amount of the fee that has been amortized so far
then
(f * (x/y)) a = the amount of the fee to amortize today.
The amortization period controls the frequency with which these calculations are run. Modifications, interest rate changes, advances, or principal reductions on a loan can cause drastic shifts to the factor “y” in the equations above and as a result when these calculations are run, the amount of the fee to amortize can jump greatly, or can even be a negative value. There is a checkbox to allow negative amortization, and if this is selected, the fee amortization will correct back to where it “should be” given the new and current conditions of the loan. If this checkbox is not selected, then the amount amortized will be zero each time until such time as the calculations yield a positive amount to amortize. Because the projection of interest “y” is always through the maturity date of the loan, by that date y will always equal x, and consequently the fee will always amortize in full on the first amortization date on or after the date of maturity.
NLS 5.33 and later
For effective interest method  daily accrual, a mathematical amortization method is used under certain conditions to improve the speed of accruals. The traditional method is used when one of the following conditions is true: Compounding of interest exist
 Using base rate
 Using tiered rate
 Using introductory rate
 Using step days in main section
 Using step amount in main section
 Using stream 2 and the destination is current_interest_balance
Any difference between the mathematical and actual amortization methods can be viewed in the trace file under AMORTIZATION SCHEDULE ANTICIPATED INTEREST.
Description  Descriptive text to identify this amortized fees and distinguish it from any other amortized fees on the same loan. 
Type  Select Effective Interest Method  Daily Accrual. 
Starting Balance  The Amount of the fee to Amortize 
Est. Bal. Transcode  The Establishing Transaction Code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee establishing transaction code will be available in this drop down list.
Click to configure additional parameters. 
Amort. Fee Transcode  The periodic amortizing transaction code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee periodic amortizing transaction code will be available in this drop down list. 
Amort Effective Date  The date from which to start amortizing. Interest accrued prior to this date is not counted in either “x” or “y.” 
Interest Offset  This field is calculated automatically, and is the amount to be deducted from “x” and “y” based on the Amort Effective Date. It represents the interest that accrued prior to that date. 
Expected Interest  Factor “y” in the above equations 
Period  The period used to define the frequency of the amortization 
Number of Periods  Used with period to define the frequency of the amortization. Example If period is set to days and number of periods is set to 5, the calculations above would be run every five days. 
Start Date  The date of the first amortization and calculation. 
Allow Negative Entries  If selected and the amount of the fee to amortize comes to a negative value, then that amount will be rolled back (unamortized). If not selected and the amount of the fee to amortize comes to a negative value, then zero will be amortized. 
If a fee is amortized via the principal/original balance prorata method, the amortization of the fee will track with the rate at which the principal balance on the loan is repaid. For example, when 20% of the original principal of the loan has been repaid, the fee will be 20% amortized.
The equations and procedures for this amortization method are as follows:
Given that
x = the total principal paid on the loan
y = the total principal advanced on the loan
then
x/y = the ratio of the fee which should be amortized up to this point in time.
if
f = the amount of the fee to be amortized
then
f * (x/y) = the dollar amount of the fee that should be amortized up to this point in time.
if
a = the amount of the fee that has been amortized so far
then
(f * (x/y))  a = the amount of the fee to amortize today.
As long as no principal payments have been made since the last time the calculations were run, the amount of the fee to amortize will always come out to zero. Therefore, if it is your intention that a portion of the fee should amortize as soon as a principal payment is made, set the period for this setup to daily. A portion of the fee will always amortize during the nightly accrual process of any day on which there was a payment to principal.
Description  Descriptive text to identify this amortized fees and distinguish it from any other amortized fees on the same loan. 
Type  Select Principal/Original Balance Prorata Method. 
Starting Balance  The Amount of the fee to Amortize 
Est. Bal. Transcode  The Establishing Transaction Code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee establishing transaction code will be available in this drop down list.
Click to configure additional parameters. Note that Effective Date is not applicable to this amortization type. 
Principal Offset  The amount to be deducted from the principal paid “x” and principal advanced “y” of the loan. Amortization beginning on the start date will be based on this adjusted principal. 
Amort. Fee Transcode  The periodic amortizing transaction code. Only transaction codes which meet the requirements for an Amortized Fee periodic amortizing transaction code will be available in this drop down list. 
Period  The period used to define the frequency of the amortization 
Number of Periods  Used with period to define the frequency of the amortization. Example If period is set to days and number of periods is set to 5, the calculations above would be run every five days. 
Start Date  The date of the first amortization and calculation. 
Allow Negative Entries  If selected and the amount of the fee to amortize comes to a negative value, then that amount will be rolled back (unamortized). If not selected and the amount of the fee to amortize comes to a negative value, then zero will be amortized. 
If the loan’s Interest Type is set to Fixed Amortization, the principal paid for the above calculations is the amount of principal that should have been paid according to the amortization schedule. This means that the fee will amortize on the next opportunity to do so after a principal payment is due, even if that principal payment has not been made.
This method will amortized the fee following the rule of 78.
If the term type is daily, the prorata share of the periodic rule of 78 amortization for that month is amortized.
Example
$100 fee on a 12/12 loan will be (12/78) * 100 = $15.38461. Then $15.38461/31 Days in Month = $0.496277.This method will amortize using the rule of 78 then do a secondary amortization using the straight line method and take the average of the two amortizations.
Example
Using rule of 78, $100 fee on 12/12 loan will be (12/78) * 100 = $15.38461.Using straight line, $100/12 = $6.33333 so average of rule of 78 and straight line = (15.38461 + 8.33333)/2 = $11.858971 for the first month if there are 31 days in the month.
This will amortize using the actuarial method. The equation for this amortization method is:
I = Interest rate / 12
N = Number of months in loan term
M = Number of months in insurance term
T = Number of months elapsed from amortization start date to refund date
Present Value Formula at N months = (1  (1 / (1 + I)) ^ N) / I
Present Value Formula at (N  T) months = (1  (1 / (1 + I)) ^ (N  T)) / I
Present Value Formula at (N  M) months = (1  (1 / (1 + I)) ^ (N  M)) / I
Unearned Premium = Original Premium * (Remaining Term  Present Value Formula at (N  T) months  Present Value Formula at (N  M) months) / (Insurance Term  Present Value Formula at N months  Present Value Formula at (N  M) months)
Earned Premium = Original Premium  Unearned Premium
Example
The original premium is 200.00.
The remaining term is 57 months.
The elapsed term is three months.
The interest rate is 25%.
The loan term is 60 months.
The insurance term is 60 months.
I = .020833
N = 60
M = 60
T = 3
Present Value Formula at N months = (1  (1 / (1 + .020833)) ^ 60) / .020833 = 34.0702863
Present Value Formula at (N  T) months = (1  (1 / (1 + .020833)) ^ 57) / .020833 = 33.1813811
Present Value Formula at (N  M) months = (1  (1 / (1 + .020833)) ^ 0) / .020833 = 0
Unearned Premium = 200.00 * (57  33.1813811  0) / (60  34.0702863  0) = 183.716791 = 183.72
Earned Premium = 200.00  183.72 = 16.28